How to Convert kWh to Amps

Many homeowners are looking for ways to be more self-sufficient and off-grid. The best way to do so is by choosing portable power stations. kWh and amps are two essential terms to understand power.

kWh stands for kilowatt-hour, and it is a unit of energy. On the other hand, amps measure the amount of current flowing through an electrical circuit. You can convert kWh to amps using the formula: amps equal to wattage divided by volts.

Jackery offers a line of portable power stations with high capacity and multiple ports. The Explorer 2000 Pro, for example, has a capacity of 2,160 watt-hours and features various ports, including AC outlets, USB ports, DC outputs, and a 12V carport.

kWh to Amps

In addition, Jackery also offers Jackery Explorer 1500 Pro Portable Power Station and Jackery Explorer 3000 Pro Portable Power Station of 1512Wh and 3024Wh, respectively. The expandable Jackery Explorer 1000 Plus Portable Power Station has a capacity of 1264Wh and can charge 99% of your electrical appliances.

Products

Image

Capacity

Rated / Peak Power

AC Output

Size

Explorer 3000 Pro

 

jackery explorer 3000 pro power station

3024Wh

3000W (6000W Peak)

(x1): 120V~ 60Hz 25A Max

 

(x3): 120V~ 60Hz 20A Max

Length: 18.6 in (47.24 cm)

Width: 14.1 in (35.81 cm)

Height: 14.7 in (37.36 cm)

Explorer 2000 Pro

 jackery explorer 2000 pro power station

2160Wh

2200W (4400W Peak)

(x3): 120V, 60Hz, 2,200W (4,400W Peak)

Length: 15.1 in (38.4 cm)

Width: 10.5 in (26.9 cm)

Height: 12.1 in (30.75 cm)

Explorer 1500 Pro

 

jackery explorer 1500 pro power station

 

1512Wh

1800W (3600W Peak)

(x3): 120V, 60Hz, 1,800W (3,600W Peak)

Length: 15.12 in (38.4 cm)

Width: 10.59 in (26.9 cm)

Height: 12.11 in (30.75 cm)

Explorer 1000 Plus

 

jackery explorer 1000 plus power station

1.25-5kWh

2000W (4000W Peak)

(x3): 120V~60Hz, 2000W (4000W Peak)

Length: 14 in (35.6 cm)

Width: 10.24 in (26 cm)

Height: 11.14 in (28.3 cm)

 

What Is kWh to Amps?

Before understanding how to convert kWh to amps, you'll need to learn the meaning of different electrical units like watts, watt-hours, kilowatt-hours, amps, and amp-hours.

Watts measure power based on the rate of the electrical energy that is being dissipated, and watt-hours represent the number of watts discharged over one hour. Kilowatt-hours, often abbreviated as kWh, also measure electrical energy. One kilowatt-hour (kWh) is equal to one thousand watts of power consumed in one hour.

The flow of charge in a circuit or system is called current and is measured in amperes. The term ‘ampere-hour’ determines the electrical charge and often represents the charge capacity of different batteries. One Ah is the amount of electricity charge that's transferred by 1 amp of current in 1 hour.

If you convert kWh to amps, you'll need to know the volts of the circuit. Here is the relationship between kWh and amps, along with an example.

Relation Between kWh and Amps

If you want to convert kWh to Amps, you can use the below formula:

Amps = (kWh × 1000) ÷ (V × H)

Where

kWh = Kilowatt-hour used

V = Voltage of the system

H = Number of hours

Let's say you have an electric device running on a standard 120V circuit for 5 hours. The kilowatt-hour, in this case, is nearly 6kWh.

Amps = (6kWh × 1000) ÷ (120V × 5H) = 10A

Line-to-Line Voltage: Also called line voltage, it is the voltage between any two given phases.

Line-to-Neutral Voltage: Also called phase voltage, it is the voltage between any given phase and neutral.

Jackery Explorer Portable Power Stations have higher watt-hour and ampere-hour ratings. For example, the Jackery Explorer 1000 Plus Portable Power Station has a LiFePO4 battery with a 1264Wh capacity. It has an ampere-hour rating of 30.4Ah and operates at 41.6V. It can charge 99% of low and high-power-consuming appliances for extended periods.

How to Convert kWh to Amps?

If you have the amps, kilowatt-hour, and the number of usage hours of a circuit, you can use the following formula to convert kWh to amps.

how to convert kilowatt hours to amps

Suppose you have a battery with a capacity of 5kWh and operate at 41.6V for 5 hours. The amps can be calculated using the above-mentioned formula.

Amps = (kWh × 1000) ÷ (V × H) = (5kWh × 1000) ÷ (41.6V × 5H) = 24 amps.

How to Convert Amps to kWh?

The formula to convert amps to kWh is given below:

kWh = Amps × Volts × Hours of Use / 1000

how to convert amps to kwh

Let's say you are running a 20 amps electric device on a standard 120V circuit for 4 hours.

Kilowatt-hour = 20A × 120V × 4H / 1000 = 9.6 kWh.

Amps to kWh calculation is helpful when sizing the power station or battery. Since energy usage is generally listed in Wh or kWh, calculating the battery's kilowatt hours will help determine how long the battery can power any device or appliance.

Amps to kWh Conversion Table

Current (Amps)

12V Voltage

24V Voltage

120V Voltage

220V Voltage

1 Amp

0.012 kWh

0.024 kWh

0.12 kWh

0.22 kWh

2 Amps

0.024 kWh

0.048 kWh

0.24 kWh

0.44 kWh

3 Amps

0.036 kWh

0.072 kWh

0.36 kWh

0.66 kWh

4 Amps

0.048 kWh

0.096 kWh

0.48 kWh

0.88 kWh

5 Amps

0.060 kWh

0.120 kWh

0.60 kWh

1.10 kWh

There are many reasons why you would want to convert amps to kilowatt-hours. It can be helpful when comparing batteries or power stations with the same voltage. As the energy usage is generally listed in Wh or kWh on the electricity bills, converting the amps to kWh also reveals how much one appliance contributes to the bill.

How to Convert kWh to Ah?

Converting kWh (electrical energy) to Ah (electrical charge) can be done using the below formula.

Ah = (kWh × 1000) ÷ V

how to convert kwh to ah

That is, the electrical charge in amp-hours equals the energy in kilowatt-hours times 1000, divided by voltage.

Example: Let's convert 6kWh at 120V to Ah.

Ah = (6kWh × 1000) ÷ 120V = 50Ah.

Although both amps and amp-hours measure electrical charge, they are different. Ampere is the rate at which electrons pass through an electrical conductor. In contrast, amp-hours is the charge that moves through the source in one hour.

kWh to Ah conversion is of utmost importance when estimating the battery capacity. Electrical energy is usually measured in kWh, whereas battery capacity is rated in Ah. If you want to determine which battery capacity will meet your electricity needs, you'll need to convert kWh to Ah.

kWh to Ah Conversion Table

Kilowatt Hours

Amp Hours @ 12V

Amp Hours @ 24V

1 kWh

83.33 Ah

41.67 Ah

2 kWh

166.67 Ah

83.33 Ah

3 kWh

250 Ah

125 Ah

4 kWh

333.33 Ah

166.67 Ah

5 kWh

416.67 Ah

208.33 Ah

How to Convert Ah to kWh?

If you want to convert Ah to kWh, you'll need to multiply amp hours times volts divided by 1000.

kWh = (Ah × V) ÷ 1000

how to convert ah to kwh

Suppose you want to calculate the kilowatt-hour of the battery. The first step is to locate its amp-hour and voltage, which are often printed on the battery. In this example, we suppose the battery has 100 amp hours and a voltage of 12V.

Kilowatt-hour = (100Ah × 12V) ÷ 1000 = 1.2kWh

Ah to kWh conversion is vital in comparing batteries of different voltages. For example, when we compare a 12V 100Ah battery and a 24V 60Ah, it's better to calculate kWh in each case.

For a 12V 100Ah battery, the kWh will be 1.2kWh. In contrast, for the 24V 60Ah battery, the kWh will be 1.44kWh. That means a 24V 60Ah battery stores more energy compared to 12V 100Ah.

Ah to kWh Conversion Table

Amp Hours

Kilowatt Hours @ 12V

Kilowatt Hours @ 24V

100 Ah

1.2 kWh

2.4 kWh

200 Ah

2.4 kWh

4.8 kWh

300 Ah

3.6 kWh

7.2 kWh

400 Ah

4.8 kWh

9.6 kWh

500 Ah

6 kWh

12 kWh

How to Convert Wh to Ah?

In simple words, a watt-hour (Wh) is the energy unit measuring the power capacity (in watts) moving over time (an hour). The number of watts that an appliance uses per hour is the battery life.

An ampere-hour measures the current (in amps) over a period (an hour). It tells you the number of amps a device draws when you are using it for one hour. One important thing to note is that amp-hour isn't a measurement of energy but rather a charge.

If you have the volts (or voltage) of the circuit, you can quickly convert Ah to Wh or vice versa.

how to convert watt hours to amp hours

Suppose you want to know how many amp-hours of current your electrical system can handle, assuming the watt-hours are 100Wh and the voltage is 10V.

Amp-hours = 100Wh ÷ 10V = 10Ah

The following watts to amp-hours conversion table at 12V and 24V.

Watt-Hours (Wh)

Amp-Hours (Ah) at 12 V (Voltage)

Amp-Hours (Ah) at 24 V (Voltage)

100 Wh

8.33 Ah

4.17 Ah

200 Wh

16.67 Ah

8.33 Ah

300 Wh

25 Ah

12.5 Ah

400 Wh

33.33 Ah

16.67 Ah

500 Wh

41.67 Ah

20.83 Ah

600 Wh

50 Ah

25 Ah

700 Wh

58.33 Ah

29.17 Ah

720 Wh

60 Ah

30 Ah

800 Wh

66.67 Ah

30.33 Ah

900 Wh

75 Ah

37.5 Ah

When you need to measure an RV's electrical system requirements, you can convert watt-hours to amp-hours. This will help you decide which voltage you'll use, the thickness of wires, the solar system design, and even the battery sizes.

Similar to Wh to Ah conversion, you can convert Ah to Wh with the help of a simple formula.

how to convert amp hours to watt hours

Example: If you have a 12V battery for your camper and your appliance is rated for 200Ah, then you can multiply the amp-hours and the voltage to get watt-hours.

Watt-hours = 200Ah × 12V = 2400Wh

Here is an amp-hours to watt-hours conversion table where the voltage is 12V and 24V.

Amp Hours (Ah)

Watt-Hours at 12 V (Voltage)

Watt-Hours at 24 V (Voltage)

1 Ah (1000 mAh)

12 Wh

24 Wh

2.5 Ah

30 Wh

60 Wh

5 Ah

60 Wh

120 Wh

6 Ah

72 Wh

/

7.2 Ah

86.4 Wh

/

7.5 Ah

90 Wh

180 Wh

10 Ah

120 Wh

240 Wh

50 Ah

600 Wh

1200 Wh

65 Ah

780 Wh

1560 Wh

100 Ah

1200 Wh

2400 Wh

How to Convert kW to Amps?

Kilowatts is the measure of power, whereas ampere is used to describe current. Since they measure two different units, kW cannot be directly converted to amps. You must know the voltage of the system to execute the conversion.

For any DC circuit, you can convert kW to amps using the below formula.

Amps = 1000 × kW / V

For any single-phase AC circuit, you'll need to keep the power factor in mind.

Amps = 1000 × kW / V × PF

Let's find the current of a 10kW motor with a power factor of 0.8 at 240V.

Amps = 1000 × 10kW / 240V × 0.8 = 52A

Here, the voltage is the RMS value of the applied AC voltage, and PF is the power factor of the load.

Motor Current Ratings (Single-Phase AC)

Power

Current at 120V

Current at 240V

1 kW

10.417 A

5.208 A

2 kW

20.833 A

10.417 A

3 kW

31.25 A

15.625 A

4 kW

41.667 A

20.833 A

5 kW

52.083 A

26.042 A

For any three-phase AC circuit, you can convert kW to amps if the line-to-line and line-to-neutral voltage are known.

Line-to-Line Voltage:

A = 1000 × kW ÷ (√3 × PF × V)

Line-to-Neutral Voltage:

A = 1000 × kW ÷ (3 × PF × V)

Let's calculate the current of a 30kW three-phase motor with a power factor of 1 and a line-to-line voltage of 240V.

A = 30kW × 1000 ÷ (√3 × 1PF × 240V) = 72 amps

If you want to calculate the amps of 3kW with a line-to-neutral voltage of  60V and 0.8 PF, here's how you can do it.

A = 3kW × 1000 ÷ (3 × 0.8PF × 60V) = 20.8 amps

Motor Current Ratings (Three-Phase AC at Line-to-Line Voltage)

Power

Current at 120V

Current at 208V

Current at 240V

Current at 277V

Current at 480V

1 kW

6.014 A

3.47 A

3.007 A

2.605 A

1.504 A

2 kW

12.028 A

6.939 A

6.014 A

5.211 A

3.007 A

3 kW

18.042 A

10.409 A

9.021 A

7.816 A

4.511 A

4 kW

24.056 A

13.879 A

12.028 A

10.421 A

6.014 A

5 kW

30.07 A

17.348 A

15.035 A

13.027 A

7.518 A

The main reason to convert kilowatts to amps is by adequately sizing and selecting electrical components.

How to Convert Amps to kW

The simple way to convert amps to kW is by using Watt's Law power formula, which states that I (Amps) = P (Watts) ÷ V (Volts).

The amps to kilowatts conversion formula in the DC circuit is:

Kilowatts = (Amps × Voltage) ÷ 1000

That means the power in kilowatts equals current in amps multiplied by voltage in volts divided by 1000.

Let's say you want to find kilowatts of a circuit with 24 amps of current at 120V.

P (in Kilowatts) = (24A × 120V) ÷ 1000 = 2.88kW

Current in Amps (A)

Voltage in Volts (V)

Kilowatts (kW)

10 Amps

200 Volts

2 kW

20 Amps

210 Volts

4.2 kW

30 Amps

220 Volts

6.6 kW

70 Amps

230 Volts

16.1 kW

100 Amps

240 Volts

24 kW

For any single-phase AC circuit, you'll need to consider the RMS voltage, current, and power factor.

P (kW) = (Amps × Volts × PF) ÷ 1000

The power factor in the single-phase AC circuit is determined by the AC frequency and the amount of inductive or capacitive circuit elements.

Current in Amps (A)

Voltage in Volts (V)

Power Factor

Kilowatts (KW)

40 Amps

222 Volts

0.11

0.976 KW

43 Amps

232 Volts

0.12

1.197 KW

46 Amps

242 Volts

0.13

1.447 KW

49 Amps

252 Volts

0.14

1.728 KW

52 Amps

262 Volts

0.15

2.043 KW

For any three-phase AC circuit, there are two formulas to convert amps to kW.

Line-to-Line Voltage:

P (in kW) = [Amps × Voltage (Line-to-Line) × PF × √3] ÷ 1000

This equation is correct when considering one pair of wires in the three-phase system.

Line-to-Neutral Voltage:

P (in kW) = [Amps × Voltage (Line-to-Neutral) × PF × 3] ÷ 1000

Jackery Portable Power Stations Explained

When looking for a portable power station, you'll need to look for its battery capacity. As a general rule of thumb, the bigger the battery capacity, the longer you can run your appliances. The standard metrics used to measure battery capacity include mAh, Ah, Wh, and kWh.

Jackery is a leading manufacturer of robust and portable solar panels, power stations, and solar generators. The battery-powered solar systems are designed to supply stable electricity to most of your home or outdoor appliances.

The Jackery Explorer Portable Power Stations are built with LiFePO4 or NMC batteries that can be recharged using Jackery SolarSaga Solar Panels. The PV panels absorb the sun's rays and convert them into DC electricity. The Jackery Explorer Portable Power Station features a pure sine wave inverter to convert the generated DC to AC electricity and then supplies steady power to appliances.

Jackery Explorer 3000 Pro Portable Power Station 

The ultimate power master, the Jackery Explorer 3000 Pro Portable Power Station, has an NMC battery of 3024Wh capacity. It has a high amp-hour rating of 70Ah and operates well at 43.2V. The solar power system can charge 99% of your appliances and can then be recharged with the help of 6*Jackery SolarSaga 200W Solar Panels in 3.5 hours. It features multiple AC, USB-A, and USB-C output ports to power multiple appliances simultaneously.

jackery explorer 3000 pro portable power station

Jackery Explorer 2000 Pro Portable Power Station 

The Jackery Explorer 2000 Pro Portable Power Station has an NMC battery of 2160Wh capacity and a high output power of 2000W. The power station can charge 96% of your appliances and has a rating of around 50Ah. It features multiple output ports to charge multiple appliances at the same time. With only 6*Jackery SolarSaga 200W Solar Panels, you can fully recharge this power station in only 2.5 hours.

jackery explorer 2000 pro portable power station

Jackery Explorer 1500 Pro Portable Power Station 

The Jackery Explorer 1500 Pro Portable Power Station has an NMC battery of 1512Wh and can charge 95% of your home or outdoor devices. It has a high ampere-hour rating, making it ideal for all types of electrical devices. With the portable battery backup solution, you can charge kitchen appliances like coffee makers or electric grills and even medical equipment like CPAP machines.

jackery explorer 1500 pro portable power station

Jackery Explorer 1000 Plus Portable Power Station 

The Jackery Explorer 1000 Plus Portable Power Station features a LiFePO4 battery of 1264Wh and can charge 99% of your appliances. One unique feature of this power station is its ability to be expanded from 1.25kWh to 5kWh using an additional Jackery Battery Pack 1000 Plus. It operates at 41.6V and has an ampere-hour rating of 30.4Ah. It's an ideal charging solution for emergency power outages, backpacking, RVing, etc.

jackery explorer 1000 plus portable power station

Capacity

Battery Cell

Output Ports

Working Hours

Explorer 3000 Pro

3024Wh

NMC

AC Output (x1): 120V~ 60Hz 25A Max

 

AC Output (x3): 120V~ 60Hz 20A Maximum

 

USB-C Output (x2): 100W Maximum, 5V⎓3A, 9V⎓3A, 12V⎓3A, 15V⎓3A, 20V⎓5A

Toaster (650W): 3.9H

Microwave (700W): 3.6H

Kettle (850W): 3H

Ice Shaver (700W): 3.6H

Portable Air Conditioner (1150W): 2.2H

Explorer 2000 Pro

2160Wh

NMC

AC Output (x3): 120V, 60Hz, 2,200W (4,400W Surge Peak)

 

USB-A Output (x2): Quick Charge 3.0, 18W Maximum

 

USB-C Output (x2): 100W Maximum, (5V, 9V, 12V, 15V, 20V up to 5A)

Toaster (650W): 2.8H

Microwave (700W): 2.6H

Kettle (850W): 2.1H

Ice Shaver (700W): 2.6H

Portable Air Conditioner (1150W): 1.6H

Explorer 1500 Pro

1512Wh

NMC

AC Output (x3): 120V, 60Hz, 1,800W (3,600W Surge)

 

USB-A Output (x2): Quick Charge 3.0x2, 18W Maximum

 

USB-C Output (x2): 100W Maximum, (5V, 9V, 12V, 15V, 20V up to 5A)

Toaster (650W): 1.9H

Microwave (700W): 1.8H

Kettle (850W): 1.5H

Ice Shaver (700W): 1.8H

Portable Air Conditioner (1150W): 1.1H

Explorer 1000 Plus

1.25-5kWh

LiFePO4

AC Output (x3): 120V~60Hz, 2000W (4000W Peak)

USB-A Output (x2): 18W Max, 5-5V⎓3A

USB-C Output (x2): 100W Max, (5V, 9V, 12V, 15V, 20V up to 5A)

Toaster (650W): 1.6H

Microwave (700W): 1.5H

Kettle (850W): 1.2H

Ice Shaver (700W): 1.5H

Portable Air Conditioner (1150W): 56 min

kWh to Amps FAQs

How do you convert kWh per year to amps?

To convert kWh per year into amps, you can use the formula:

Amps = (kWh per year × 1000) ÷ (V × H)

For instance, if you are using an electrical appliance consuming 1000 kWh per year at 120V, then the current draw can be calculated as follows:

Amps = (kWh × 1000) ÷ (V × H) = (1000kWh × 1000) ÷ (120V × 365H) = 22.8A.

Here we assume that the electrical appliance is used for one hour daily.

How many amps hours is 3.6 kWh?

If you have 3.6kWh at 12V, you can convert kWh to Ah using the below formula.

Ah = kWh × 1000 ÷ V = 3.6kWh × 1000 ÷ 12V = 300Ah.

What is the difference between kWh and amp hour?

Kilowatt-hours measure electric power, whereas the ampere-hour represents the electric current. Even though these units measure different things, they are related by the following equation.

Power in Watts = Current in Amps × Voltage

If a battery is rated at 200 amp-hours, it can provide 10A for 20 hours. Multiplying the voltage by the ampere-hour value will help you get the watt-hours value.

In the above equation, the watt-hours will be 100Ah × 12V = 1200Wh. You can divide the result by 1000 to get the kWh value (i.e., 1.2kWh).

What are the relations of amps, watts, and volts?

Amps means the number of electrons flowing through a certain point at any time. Watts is the power or energy an electric appliance consumes. Volts measure the pressure required for an electric current to flow past a wire.

In mathematical terms, watts equals the multiplication of amps and volts.

Relationship between watts, amps, and volts: W = A × V

For instance, if the electric device consumes 10 amps at 12V, the wattage of the appliance will be 10A × 12V = 120W.

Final Thoughts

Kilowatt-hour and amp-hour are critical units for solar systems or electric appliances. You can calculate the compatible solar generator by understanding how much kWh or Wh battery capacity a power station has.

Converting kWh to amps will help you select which power station can supply seamless electricity to your appliances for a long time. Jackery Explorer Portable Power Stations are designed with high Wh and Ah ratings to provide electricity to small and large appliances for a long time.